1 week, 5 days ago

 
 sleep is important, especially for infants

The following survey of more than 1000 infants in Beijing shows that 
 72.9% of them have the habit of shaking / clapping to sleep. 

Therefore, from the perspective of probability, most people have had the experience of crying constantly when they were young, which requires parents to gently pat and coax them to sleep. 


. 

The reason is also very simple: first, because children fall asleep, they can finally get quiet; second, because 
 sleep is really important for infants and young children 
. 

It's easy to feel in daily life that when you don't get enough sleep or the quality of sleep is poor, the whole person's state will be very poor, including limb weakness, slow response and so on. For infants who sleep 1/2 to 2/3 of the time every day, sleep is more important. 


 
 good sleep is very important (source: unsplash) 
 
 
 good sleep is conducive to the development and maturity of the central nervous system of 
 infants 
, which is the basis of physical growth and development of various abilities. 

Sleep problems not only affect children's early development, but also have a long-term impact on their lives. 

Some studies have pointed out that sleep problems can predict children's cognitive ability and executive function, attention and behavior problems, and are related to children's overweight and obesity problems in school age [2] [3]. 


 
 fall asleep with a pat? 



In order to let infants have a good sleep, when they can't sleep and cry in the middle of the night, many parents will gently hold them up, pat them carefully, and coax them to sleep. 

But why is this action so magical? Does it always work? 

This magical action seems to play a more important role in 
 psychological level 
. 

For infants under one year old, the womb of a mother who has lived for months is a more familiar environment. 

Now he is facing a new and unknown world. The world is full of all kinds of colors, lights and sounds he has never seen before, so it may be a lack of trust and security for him. 

The warm embrace and slap of parents make the baby feel more comfortable through gentle physical contact. 


. So if you hug the baby and put its head close to the adult's heart, the baby will feel the heartbeat more easily to sleep. 

Of course, rhythmic, gentle beats can also simulate this. 

Not only that, rhythmic beating is similar to hypnotism, 
 monotonous and repetitive stimulation makes the baby slowly enter the hypnotic state, and the body and mind relax 
. Shaking cradles and other tools have similar effects. 

But in fact, it's a bad habit to fall asleep. It reflects that infants have some difficulty in falling asleep and need these auxiliary means to fall asleep. 

Therefore, in many related studies, researchers will advocate that parents should actively correct such bad sleep habits, and reduce the difficulty of falling asleep and improve the quality of sleep by establishing appropriate sleep circadian rhythm and creating a good sleep environment for infants and young children [4] [1]. 

Eating can also affect sleeping

In addition to sleep, 
 feeding 
 is also the main activity content of infants. These two are the necessary basis of all activities of their growth and development, and they affect each other. 

The following data were obtained from a correlation analysis of feeding and sleeping of 3016 infants aged 0-6 months in 12 provinces in China [4]. 


. 

Although breast fed infants have the longest sleep time, they often have poor sleep habits such as sleeping in the same bed with their parents, sleeping comfort, etc., and they sleep more and intermittently on average every day. However, infants fed with artificial milk powder often need to pat and hug before going to bed. 

In addition, there are some differences in the incidence of snoring among infants with different feeding methods [4]. 

Reference:

 
 Wei Qianwei, you Chuan, Liu Jun, Xing Juan, Chen Tongying, men Lei. A study on sleep status and influencing factors of 1-3 months old infants in Beijing [J]. China Journal of child health, 2018, 26 (2): 145-148

Sadeh A, De MG, Guri Y, et al. Infant sleep predicts attention regulation and behavior problems at 3-4 years of age[J]. Dev Neurophychol, 2015, 40(3): 122.

Bell JF, Zimmerman FJ. Shortened nighttime sleep duration in early life and subsequent childhood obesity[J]. Arch Pediatr Adolesc Med, 2010, 164(9): 840.

Huang Xiaona, Wang Huishan, Jiang Jingxiong, Ma Yuyan, an Lin, Liu Xicheng. Effects of different feeding methods on sleep of 0-6 months old infants [J]. China maternal and child health research, 2008, 19 (4): 303-30

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