4 days, 2 hours ago

 in the Northern Song Dynasty, there were trademarks and logos. 



 
 
 the printing plate of "Jinan Liujia Kungfu needle shop" of the Northern Song Dynasty of the National Museum is now available. The image of a Jade Rabbit pounding medicine in the heart of the edition is connected with the sentence "recognize the white rabbit in front of the door" and the advertisement at the bottom reads "buy high-grade steel bars and make Kung Fu fine needles". Do not miss the use of the homestead, resell and peddle, do not add Rao (there is a discount), please remember white The combination of text and words in vernacular is concise and comprehensive, vivid and easy to remember. It has the characteristics of modern trademarks and advertisements. In view of this printed version, it was certain that large-scale paper advertisements or posters were printed in those years. 


 the Song Dynasty had "star endorsement" 


The Song Dynasty government monopolized liquor, only a few enterprises called "wine storehouse" and "Zhengdian", a high-grade catering place, had the right to make wine. The government organization "inspection office" which manages liquor making enterprises would organize industry appraisal every year when new wine was put on the market, that is, liquor evaluation meeting. During the wine evaluation meeting, the major distilleries would hold a grand parade of floats, and for a time, colorful flags would be displayed, gongs and drums would make a huge crowd In order to attract customers, some liquor companies invite famous prostitutes to ride horses and make-up to attract customers The clandestine prostitutes are all decorated with pearls and emerald ornaments. They are decorated with gold and red back. They ride on embroidered horses. Each has a yellow number of soap clothes. They have several pairs of private bodies. They lead in front of them. They are luofan and Yiji. They are leisure travelers. They follow behind In the capital Ji Sheng, it is said that "all the wine stores in Tianfu are open to cook wine before and after the cold food festival, to sell new wine before and after the Mid Autumn Festival, and to ride prostitutes to make third-class costumes, such as first-class special coat, second-class crown skirt back, third-class crown shirt crotch pants. Before, there were girls and other social activities to welcome wine samples. When they went to the government to make music, they presented themselves as acrobatic dramas. " 


 dressing and folding chair

Mazha was introduced into China during the Han and Wei dynasties, also known as "Hu bed". In the early days, Chinese people all sat on their knees. Around the time of Tang and Song Dynasty, Chinese people began to evolve from kneeling to sitting with vertical feet. Chairs and other seats began to appear. The combination of chair and horse fork evolved another kind of folding chair, Jiaojiao chair. How do you compare it with the folding chair made of iron pipe welding? 





 
 
 
 iron 


Iron is originally the Chinese original vocabulary, because of the ancient iron form of the Big Dipper shape, so named, used in the front of the spoon into charcoal to iron clothes, China's Han Dynasty has been widely used





 
 
 
 plant grafting technology

The earliest record of grafting technology can be found in the book of Fusheng of the Western Han Dynasty in the 1st century BC. It is written that "ten lower gourds, which are fresh and more than two feet long, are gathered together in one place. Five inches of cloth is used and mud is reused. However, after a few days, the entangled parts become one stem. If you stay strong, I will nip it and lead the vine to bear seeds. The article outside the son also pinches away, does not let the spread Qimin Yaoshu of Northern Wei Dynasty has detailed description on the selection of rootstock and scion, grafting period and how to ensure the survival of grafting and the influence of grafting. There are detailed descriptions in "Si Shi Zuyao" by Han E in Tang Dynasty, Ju Lu by Han Yanzhi in early Southern Song Dynasty, Tu Nong Bi Yong in Yuan Dynasty, Qunfang Pu in Ming Dynasty and Jinghuayuan in Qing Dynasty. Later generations of Chinese farmers also widely used plant grafting to cultivate new plant varieties. 


 
 
 
 gloves

All fingered gloves were unearthed from Chu tombs in the spring and Autumn period. Three pairs of open fingered gloves were found in a lacquer box unearthed from the Han tomb in Mawangdui, Changsha. In addition, there were cotton gloves of the Northern Dynasty. You can say that the pattern is a modern product. 


 
 Mawangdui embroidery gloves 
 
 
 
 
 Beichao Mei purple ground embroidered diamond check gloves 
 
 
 
 ROMAN SANDALS 


Powerful and powerful, it's a fashion center's Yidali








 
 
 
 portable brush

All of a sudden, the poetic nature of the store is so sparse that we can't "take the pen from the shopkeeper", or do we follow a bookboy everywhere? Take a brush with you. Ink is placed in the front of the round box, and the pen is inserted in the connected tube. It is usually hung on the body. Chang'an twelve hours has appeared. 








 
 Cui LIULANG, a broker, this is a leather made female Wenqing who puts her position

The ancient Roman frescoes unearthed in ancient Pompeii, which was destroyed in the volcanic eruption in 79 A.D., show a very natural and realistic girl's movements and expressions, and her eyes are crystal clear and profound. This is a common pose in the portraits of young girls in ancient Pompeii city. Apart from the paintings, I can't see any difference between them and today's mobile phone self portraits? Generally speaking, women were not qualified to receive education in ancient Rome, but rich people would also teach girls to learn culture. Therefore, the woman in the painting was definitely a down-to-earth literary youth at that time. Looking at her thoughtful expression, you will naturally think that she was writing poetry. Yes, later generations of this painting named it "poetess". 


 
 
 
 toothbrush

Wenge's trivial records of Huizong in the Song dynasty recorded that a kind of toothbrush made of horsetail hair had been produced at that time. In Lin'an City of the Southern Song Dynasty, there were often small vendors selling "brushing teeth". There were "Lingjia brushing teeth shop" in the south of Xifang City, and "Fu Guan Ren brush teeth shop" at the entrance of JINZI lane. The formula of tooth powder was recorded in Bai Xuan Fang compiled by Wang Mu. 


 
 Liao Dynasty hairy bone toothbrush 
 
 
 
 with ear cup 


The upper one is a new stone age pottery cup with melon ribs unearthed in Zhengzhou. It should have a cover. It is not against the old cadres to drink tea or drink beer. The lower one is from the Xia Dynasty, which is more like a beer cup. Judging from the number of unearthed cups, this kind of cup should be widely used at the time. 


 
 melon edge grey pottery cup 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 kebab 
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 kebab

Before 1967, the stone carving on the kitchen map unearthed from sun Cong's Tomb of the Eastern Han Dynasty in Liangtai is the first stone carving recording the whole process of barbecue kebabs in China. The picture depicts the working scene in the kitchen. Some people cut meat, wear the string, fan the fire and bake the kebab. At the top right of the picture, you can see a rectangular oven, which is similar to a modern oven. 











 
 Han Dynasty oven 
 
 
 come on, I'll kill you if you don't eat it. 


 
 portrait brick in Wei and Jin Dynasties 
 
 
 
 cutlery and fork 


If you eat with a knife and fork, you can say it's foreign style? Soil, very soil, soil out of green copper rust! In the Qijia culture of Northwest China, bone forks were unearthed 4000 years ago. In addition, knives and forks were unearthed many times in tombs of the Shang, Warring States and Han Dynasties. This shows that ancient Chinese ancestors used knives and forks to eat extensively. It may feel that they would not use chopsticks later. 


 
 
 
 
 
 in addition, there was also a kind of tableware called "dagger" in ancient times. The word "dagger" was originally a pictographic character, which was a spoon. The dagger was a sharp spoon in the front, which could not only drink soup, but also cut all meat or fork meat slightly with the front tip. Later, the short knife called "dagger" was the "dagger". 


 
 
 
 soap

The ancients and modern people also want to maintain personal hygiene, bathing and washing is a daily need, so did the ancients use detergent? Use. Before the appearance of modern chemical industry, there were many kinds of detergents all over the world. About 3000 BC, the detergent composed of oil and plant ash appeared in Lianghe River Basin. The ancient Roman people were very interesting

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