3 weeks, 1 day ago

Monkeys may be more flexible than human players when playing puzzle games.

Among game players, there are a lot of attacks on other people's levels are all related to animals. Simple "piggy teammates", a bit more complicated, such as "I sprinkle the rice on the keyboard, the chickens are better than you."

This kind of attack rarely involves monkeys. It may be because they are both primates. Players think that monkeys are not as sharp and powerful as monkeys: in case some people are really not as good as monkeys.

This caution has now proved to be justified, and a recent article published in Scientific Reports points out that in some video games, rhesus monkeys behave more flexibly than humans.



The researchers first recruited 60 undergraduates from Georgia State University, aged between 20 and 40. Their control group consisted of 29 monkeys from the Georgia State University Language Research Center, 22 capuchin monkeys and 7 rhesus monkeys. For both of the games they are about to play, neither of them has any guidance: the monkeys have been trained to a certain extent so that they can learn how to use the joystick to manipulate the cursor; the human side is only informed of the correct and wrong feedback - for the monkeys Say, this feedback doesn't have to be taught in particular. If they do the right thing, they will get the banana. If they do something wrong, nothing will happen.



The game used for testing is not complicated. It is a simple puzzle: the player needs to click the graph according to the set rules. The rules will be taught to each participating tester and monkey in the prior training: first click Striped squares, click on the square with dots, and if there is a blue triangle, click on the blue triangle. This small puzzle game will also have a blank square such interference.



However, like most puzzle games, the simplicity of the basic rules does not mean that the puzzles are simple: the researchers added a lot of changes to the formal tests. In some levels, it seems that there are only a variety of squares, but in fact, behind a blank square, there is an invisible blue triangle hidden. If the player clicks on the graphic strictly according to the rules, it will not be able to complete the level - of course, the card is In the end, they always try other ways.

There are also some levels that take advantage of the misunderstanding in the “Newbie Tutorial”: In pre-training, the blue triangle will only appear when you click on the square first, so many players (whether human or monkey) will produce “should be in square to triangle order. Click on the "Impression, but in fact this is just the player's own misunderstanding - in some levels, the blue triangle is initially visible. If the player clicks in the order of square to triangle, they can indeed get rewards, but they can't get the highest. Points: Clicking on the blue triangle directly will give you a higher bonus, because the triangle is actually set to "before you click, the sooner you click, the more points you click."



This kind of puzzle that uses the inertia of thinking can't always confuse the player, but the time between the players wakes up is short and long – the surprising thing is that the monkeys behave much better than humans.

Seventy percent of the monkeys saw the blue triangle puzzle directly, and clicked on it as soon as they saw it—of course, it is more likely that they did not fully understand the rules, and the cat encountered a dead mouse. However, 20% of monkeys do this every time (clicking on the triangle) is enough to prove that they found no connection between the square and the triangle.

In stark contrast to the monkey behavior, only one of the 60 human players tried to click on the blue triangle for the first time, and no one was the first to click on the blue triangle every time, meaning that no one saw through it. Logical traps, or even if they find traps, they don't dare (every time) try. After all, clicks on the steps of compliance are also scored, just a little less.



This difference in performance is not difficult to understand: humans are more inclined to follow the rules, and monkeys sometimes do not care about these things. What researchers see from it is that "human beings are suffering from learning prejudice." They believe that it is a good thing for human beings to follow the rules, but sometimes, in order to give themselves the peace of mind that "I am obeying the rules," People will imagine some actual and incorrect rules and stick to them stubbornly – what the academics call “learning bias” or “cognitive barriers”.

Most of the participants in this test were American youths who were educated in the West, but the same test was conducted in the semi-nomadic Simba in Namibia: they performed better than college students, but still not as good as monkeys, and half of them were still I believe there is a connection between the squares and triangles in the game.

Maybe the next time you think your teammates are playing well, you don't need "666", but praise him "You play games like the Ganges!"

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